Pipal tree (Ficus religiosa)

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Peepul Tree and Fruit

***** Location: India
***** Season: All Summer
***** Category: Plant


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Pipal, Peepul, Peepal, Peepil or Bo tree (Ficus religiosa)

Pipal tree (Ficus religiosa), a native tree of India, held sacred by the Buddhists, who believe that Gautama Buddha received enlightenment under a Bo tree at Bodh Gaya.
The Bo tree attains great size and age; the leaves, which hang from long, flexible petioles, rustle in the slightest breeze.
Pipal is also spelled peepul or pipul. All parts of the Pipal tree, including roots, bark, leaf and fruit, are useful. The botanical classification of the Bo tree is:

Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Urticales
Family: Moraceae.

Description of the Plant: Large tree. Flower color red. Flowers in February. Fruits in May / June. Widely found in uplands and plain area.

Plant Parts Used: Root / Bark / Leaf / Fruit.
© http://www.haryana-online.com/Flora/pipal.htm


Cotton Threads
of various colours like red, yellow and white are tied around Pipal tree trunks especially in Northern and Western parts of India. This ritual is performed especially on the Vat Savitri puja day (May – June). During Vat Savitri Puja, the Banayan or Pipal Tree symbolically represents Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva. The root of Vat Vriksha is Brahma, the stem is Vishnu and the upper part is Shiva.

The Pipal tree plays an important role in the famous story of Satyavan Savitri. It is believed that Satyavan spend his last moments under a Vat or Banyan tree on the full moon day in month of Jyeshtha. And Yamraj appeared here and Savitri pleaded with Yamraj under the Banyan tree.

In memory of this event, women go round the Banyan tree for 108 times tying threads and fast for the health and longevity of their husbands.

There are also other hidden symbolic meanings – one such meanings is narrated by Bhagwat Shah of Pushtimarg :

The Pipal tree represents the tree of life and is sacred in Hindu Religion. It supports life of all sorts and is famous for its long life. The pipal tree also has the property to purify air.

The cotton thread is just the opposite The cotton thread represents the fragile nature of life, love, trust, faith – and all things that go on to make up a relationship. A single thread may be weak, but, when it is wound 108 times around the trunk, it becomes strong. It is no longer so fragile and no longer easy to break.

By walking around the tree 108 times, the wife contemplates on these matters. Love can only be strengthened by trust, faith and desire to make it work! With each step, the woman strengthens her relationship with her husband. She prays not just for her husband’s long life, but an enduring relationship that will last beyond this life and into the next.
source : www.hindu-blog.com


Bodh Gaya was the place, under the pipal or Bo tree, where the Buddha was enlightened after practising meditation for several years.

Nirvana Ceremony (Nehan-E 涅槃会)
a kigo in Japan

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Worldwide use


bodai no mi 菩提の実(ぼだいのみ)linden fruit
..... bodaiju no mi 菩提樹の実(ぼだいじゅのみ)
..... bodaishi 菩提子 (ぼだいし)
Tilia miqueliana. Lindenbaum
Ficus religiosa. Pepulbaum, Bo-Baum. Buddha-Tree

. WKD : fruit kigo for late autumn .

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figs, ichijiku 無花果
kigo for late autumn

118 Japanese haiku about the fig, ichijiku !!!  

Fig called "Chinese Persimmon" toogaki 唐柿 とうがき
Click HERE for photos.

Japanese sweet with figs, hororoishi ほろろいし
Click HERE for photos.

kigo for all summer
aoichijiku, ao ichijiku 青無花果 (あおいちじく) green fig

Willow Leaf Fig (Ficus salicifolia)
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ichijiku o sakeba hodonaku ame no oto

preparing a fig
and shortly thereafter
the sound of rain

Oki Takako (Ooki) 大木孝子



merges in fallen leaves-
late autumn

- Shared by Zaya Nergui -
Haiku Culture Magazine, 2013



Fig, Figs, Ficus carica

Things found on the way


smoldering heat
the peepul tree covered
with suspended gold plates

Kala Ramesh, India, September 2006


Buddha meditating
under great Peepul tree
sheltering each other

Aju Mukhopadhyay, India, October 2006


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autumn leaves
a million sunsets
in my ficus

Vidur Jyoti, India, October 2007

sudden shower
whole sky in a puddle
under the peepal

sacred thread
going around the peepal
her shadow

Vidur Jyoti, India, November 2007


Peepal - ਪਿੱਪਲ -पीपल

drowsy dew-trickle
down the peepal leaves
jal-trang on the tin-roof

Hardilbagh Singh Gill

Jal-trang is a musical instrument.
The Jal Tarang (Hindi: जल तरंग, Urdu: جل ترنگ), Jaltarang, Jal-tarang, Jal-yantra, Jalatarangam or Jalatharangam,
is an Indian melodic percussion instrument. It consists of a set of ceramic bowls tuned with water. The bowls are played by striking the edge with beaters, one in each hand.
Jal-tarang finds its first mention in Sangeet Parijaat.
© More in the WIKIPEDIA !


barren village -
a sparrow’s feather
under the peepal

dry sawan -
an empty swing
under the peepal

- Shared by Sandip Sital Chauhan -
Joys of Japan, August 2012

"The rainy season is beautiful;
the months of Saawan and Bhaadon bring bliss."
. Month of Sawan (Savan) in Punjab .

Related words

***** Banyan Tree, Barh (Ficus bengalensis)

Banyan is viewed by Hindus as the male plant to the closely related peepul or bodhi tree (Ficus religiosa).

WKD : Banyan Tree

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Anonymous said...


scent of fresh figs
from the kitchen
canning for the winter

kigo info:
very briefly and superficially: the three holy months are Rajab, shaban and Ramazan, and Ramazan is the month of fasting, the month of the revelation of Quran, the complete fulfilment of all of God's promises to Adam. In these three months all thoughts of conflict are strictly forbidden.
Rajab commemorates the beginning of Mohammed's life on earth(Ragaib) as well as his ascension to heaven(Miraj) and the special gift to him of the five times a day special prayers people can make, and the 15th of Shaban commemorates all of God's mercies and gifts and benefactions.

The holiest night of the year, the Night of Power is hidden somewhere during Ramazan.
Usually it is honored on the 27th of Ramazan. Today happens to be the 6th of Shaban.

The end of August is when ripe fresh figs appear in the markets. The first to appear are the deep dark purple almost black figs. Later the light yellow figs appear. Tomatoes in August are the best during the year. Melons (kavun) in Turkey in august are indescribable. Yellow on the outside and pale lovely green inside.

Watermelons (karpus) are heavy and ripe, but not so big as US of A.
august watermelons, but a whole lot sweeter.

isa in istanbul


Gabi Greve said...

village maids
gather setting sun
under the peepal


wrinkled dreams
crow's feet near his eyes
peepal bark


Dr. Vidur Jyoti

WHC india


anonymous said...

rainy day
people on their hunches under a peepul
sipping tea

Manu Kant


Gabi Greve said...

Massih Talebian

early autumn,
among the vague things
one is the fig
shared at Joys of Japan