12/30/2014

Welcome !

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Welcome to the World Kigo India Database !

... .... ... The India Saijiki


..... ..... ..... Namaste !

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Use your browser to find a word in this index.....
OR use the Search Function on the top right.



© Gabi Greve

Alphabetical Index of the World Kigo Database


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.. .. .. .. .. .. .. General Items

. . . . ENTRY: Submit your Entry for a Kigo


Seasons and Categories Learn the Basics of World Kigo


Basic Japanese Haiku Theories !
For Haiku Beginners !


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Poets, Essays, Links and general information about

... ... ... ... ... Haiku in Bangladesh

... ... ... ... ... Haiku in Bhutan

... ... ... ... ... Haiku in India

... ... . WKD : MONGOLIA SAIJIKI .

... ... ... ... ... Haiku in Nepal

... ... ... ... ... Haiku in Pakistan

... ... ... ... ... Haiku in Tibet



Haibun from India


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Getting to Know India

Indian Art, Articles Exotic India by Nitin Kumar

Festivals of India, all are kigo

Music of India Indian Music and Haiku

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A special thank you goes to Kala Ramesh for her countless contributions and fruitful cooperation
with this INDIA saijiki.

Gabi Greve, December 2006

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Please check the main index for more kigo information.


Main Index of the World Kigo Database

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Contributions from all Indian haiku poets are welcome!

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in Punjabi my name is ਗਾਬੀ ਗੀਰੀਵ

SEARCH all articles by Gabi Greve





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12/29/2014

Seasonal Words - List

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List of seasonal words (kigo) from India

... ... ... ... The India Saijiki

インド 歳時記 


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According to the classical text of the Ritusamharam we will introduce six haiku seasons in India, two more that the four seasons of the Japanese Saijiki.
(Thanks to the initiative of Kala Ramesh!)

Each Indian seaseon comprises only two months, whereas in the Japanese saijiki, each season (except the New Year), comprises three months and is divided in early, middle and late part of the season.
Seasons and Categories Learn the Basics of World Kigo.


The rainy season (tsuyu) is covered as a Japanese kigo for Mid-Summer.

Frost, which comprises November and December, is an ALL WINTER kigo in Japan.

November and December comprise kigo for early and middle winter in Japan, check it here: http://etext.lib.virginia.edu/japanese/haiku/saijiki/4wi.html

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Here are the six seasons for INDIA

Spring - called Vasant(Basant) - in the months of Chaitra and Vaishakh
approximately March and April

Summer – called Grishma –in the months of Jaishthya and Aashadh
approximately May and June

Rains – called Varsha - in the months of Shravan and Bhadrapad
approximately July and August

Autumn called Sharad - in the months of Aashwin and Kartik
approximately September and October

Frost – called Hemant – in the months of Margshishya and Pousha
approximately November and December

Winter - called Shishir - in the months of Magh and Phalgun
approximately January and February


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Haiku about each season
by Narayanan Raghunathan



About the climate, see also:
http://www.indianchild.com/climate_india.htm

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. ................. INDIAN KIYOSE


.. .. .. Spring (March - April)

Ambedkar Jayanti, Memorial Day

Baishakhi Festival

Chidambaram Dance Festival in honour of Shiva

Falgun, month of falgun, Phalguna

Flame of the Forest (Butea monosperma, Delonix regia) Two Trees with orange blossoms. Gulmohar


Goa Carnival
Golu Doll Festival Kolu
Gudi Padva Festival, Gudhi Padva

Hanuman Jayanti Festival

Himalayan Bearded Vulture chicks
Gypaetus barbatus aureus, a kind of Lammergeier

Hola Mohalla festival

Holi Festival.. Dol Yatra (the Swing Festival)

Jallikattu Bull Fight during Pongal Festival


Kanjak Ashtami Puja and Navaratri

Kite flying India, Pakistan

Mahavir Jayanti Festival
Mango blossoms

Marathi New Year's Day Ugadi, Yugadi, Gudipadva

Neem blossoms, neem tree, magosa (Azadirachta indica)
and some food: Ugadi Pachadi

Nowruz, Newroz - "Persian New Year"

Pesakh Festival
 Pongal
Pooram Festival

Ramnavami Festival
Ramzan Id Festival
Ratha Saptami, Rathasapthami, Magha Saptami Festival


Shiva Ratri Night, Festival India, Nepal, Hindu Communities
Spring Festivals (Vasannta Utsav, India) also worldwide
Spring in India (vasant, basant)

Trumpet tree, golden yellow trumpet tree (Tabebuia chrysantha) India

Vaisakhi festival, Punjab and Bhangra dance
Vasant Navratri Festival

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.. .. .. Summer (May - June)

Buddha's Birthday, Buddha Purnima

Cassia blossoms (Cassia fistula) ... amaltaas, Amaltas, bendra lathi, aragvadha and other names
In Punjabi: ਅਮਲਤਾਸ

Ganges (Ganga) flowing down

Mango fruit

Pipal tree (Ficus religiosa) Peepul, peepal or bo tree

Summer in India, find more kigo

Rollerskates

Tukaram Celebrations

Water shortage (for various reasons)
. . . drought (not enough rain)


World Music Day 

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.. .. .. Monsoon, the Rains (July - August)

Bodh Gaya, Bodhgaya bomb blast, July 7, 2013

Guru Poornima/ Guru Purnima Teachers Day
full moon day in the Hindu month of Ashad (July-August)

Independence Day (India) August 15, 1947

Juggernaut Festival (India)

Monsoon rain, details ..(India, South Asia)

potholes in the road

Raksha Bandhan - Bond of Protection - Rakhi Purnima

Sawan, Month of (Savan) in Punjab
Senior Citizen's Day, August 21    
Serpent Festival (Nag Panchami) (India) Snake Festival

Tagore Memorial Day   Rabindranath Tagore
Trekking , Trek

Umbrella

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.. .. .. Autumn (September - October)

Autumn in India

Amla, aamla, amalika - Indian gooseberry Phyllanthus emblica

Chandrika Soap "the moon-faced one"

Dussera, Dasara, Dussehra: Day Of Victory 
..... Navaratri : Nine Nights Of Festivities. Bomma kolu. pavadai skirts.

Divali (Diwali, India)

Fog, Mist, Haze and more

Ganesh Chaturthi Festival

Janmashtami, Krishna Janmashtami, Jayanti . . . - "Gita Jayanti"

Kartik Purnima festival

. Karva Chauth - Karwa Choudh festival .

Mahatma Gandhi - Birthday      

Mata Amritanandamayi - Birthday

Muharram festival

Onam festival - Kerala

Parijaat blossoms, Night Jasmine (Nyctanthes arbor-tristis )

Radha Astami - birth of Goddess Radha

Sesame (til, tila, gingili)

. Sharad Purnima harvest festival .
Kojaagari Purnima / Kumar Purnima

smog, black smog - kaala dhua or dhua

Teacher's Day,  Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan Memorial Day
Tiger Dance (Huli Vesha, Puli Vesha)

Vailankanni (Velankanni), Festival in Chennai, India

World Peace Day and Ahimsa 

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.. .. .. Frost (November - December)

Frost in India

Hornbill Festival, Nagaland

Nehru, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru’s Memorial Day, Children's Day


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.. .. .. Winter (January - February)


Bikaner Camel Festival, Rajasthan

Congee, rice porridge, kanji ... hot cereals

Coral Tree Blossoms (Erythrina indica) Tiger's claw, Sunshine Tree

Damsel crane

Gujarat violence 2002, Gujarat pogrom

Lohri festival Punjab

Makara Sankranti festival
and teel barfi and mejis and Bihu

Mustard greens (sarson) Punjab

New Year

Poush-Magh Festival

Republic Day January 26

Sugar cane


Thaipusam festival


Tiruppavai of Andal (Andaal) Tamizhnadu, Tamil Nadu
Tumeric, fresh (kurkuma, ukon)

Winter in India A few more kigo ...


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NEXT
. List of Topics and
Cultural Keywords from India .




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12/28/2014

Topics and Cultural Keywords

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List of Topics and
Cultural Keywords from India


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Agni, God of Fire and Agni V missile
Amritsar and Golden Temple
Anand Karaji - Sikh wedding ceremony
Ashoka, Ashoka Maurya, King Ashoka (304 BCE - 232 BCE)
and the Ashoka tree (Saraca asoca)
Ayurveda and Massage
Anklets (payal) , Bracelets, Bangles
Aum (阿吽) A-Un, Om

Babbler bird (Turdoides striata)
Bamboo . An Asian Plant
Banyan Tree
Baobab tree (Adansonia digitata)
Basil, Holy Basil (tulsi, tulasi, thulasi)
Beas River
Bells, Temple Bells in India
Benares and the Burning Ghats - Varanasi
Bhagavad Gita
Bhang, Bhaang Drink
Bikaner .. a town in Rajasthan
Bindi, the Red Dot decoration
Birla Planetarium, Chennai
Bodhidarma, Daruma san in Japan
Bombay, Mumbai
Buddha, Shakyamuni, Shaka
- Bhushan - Professor Satya Bhushan -


Chandigarh Town - Open Hand, Rose Garden, Rock Garden
Chhath festivals
Chickpeas (kala chana) Cicer arietinum. Bengal gram
Chillum, chilum, cheelam .. pipe
Chittorgarh Fort (Rajasthan)
Coconut, Coconut palms Philippines, India
Cow (Pashu, Gai) The Holy Cow of India
Curry (karee カレー) Curry rice and other curry dishes

Dal Lake, Kashmir
Dalit (Untouchables)
Damaru drum, damru
Dance, dancing
Dargah Sufi Islamic Shrine Sufism
Delhi, Old Delhi, New Delhi
Dhobi cast - washers
Doli, bridal palanquin
Dukh-Bhanjani Beri tree Golden Temple, Amritsar
Dukh Nivaran shrine Punjab
Dupatta scarf

Earthquake

Food from India
- - - Food from Punjab

Football, Soccer

Ganesh The elelphant-headed god
Ganges, the Holy River Ganga
Gangotri, origin of the River Ganges
Garhwali songs
gharat or water flour mills
Giddha dance Punjab
Giddarpirhi mushroom (Trametes versicolor)

Gilli-Danda game
Guava tree myrtle family Myrtaceae
Gurbani hymns Punjab
Guru (teacher) Sensei (Japan)
Guru Granth Sahib - Adi Granth scripture
. Guru Nanak and Guru Nanak Gurpurab .


Harike Wetland, Punjab
Henna (mehandi)
hijra and eunuch
Himalaya Mountains
- Hindu babies -

Incense

Jal-trang instrument
Japji Sahib, Japji hymns Punjab


Kabir, Sant Kabir, the Poet
Kahwah tea
Kalyani, kalyan, kalyaan - raga music
Kamadeva, Kāmadeva, Kama
Kamakhya Temple near Guwahati in Assam
Kachnar tree, orchid tree Bauhinia variegata
Kashmir
Khadi handspun cotton. Mahatma Gandhi.
Kharif crops and Rabi crops n India
Koel, Koil, Kuil, Koyal (Eudynamys scolopacea) oni kakkoo bird (Japan)
 Kolam, kollam, kulam - flower decorations
Krishna
Kumbh Mela, Kumbmela, Kumbha Mela

Labyrinth  
Lingam, Shiva Linga
Lotus (padma)
Lotus Temple Delhi
Lucknow

Mandala
Mangalsutra marriage token, Thaali
Marathon Boy Budhia Singh
Marigold garlands - Tagetes and Calendula
Meditation (dhyana)
Meera, a Saint Meerabai, Mirabai, Mira
Monkey, Hanuman, Langur
Moon, waxing (moondraam pirai)
Moti Bagh Palace Punjab, Patiala

Music of India
..... Music: Raagam
..... Music: Shruthi
..... Tansen The Musician

Mynah bird, myna India. Fam. Sturnidae

Nath - nose ring
- Navy Day Celebration
Nihang warriors
Nirala, Suryakant Tripathi 'Nirala' Poet, Painter
Nishan Sahib flag, Punjab
... Kalasa, khanda, chakram, kirpan

Ornaments from Punjab
Saggi Phul, Giddha, Jhumka Earrings

Panchatantra, a Fable
Papaya Carica papaya
Parikrama circumambulation
Pashmina shawl, Kashmir

..... Philosophical and Mythological Haiku from India

Plumeria, Champa, Frangipani
Phulkari embroidery Punjab
Prasad, Prasād, Prasada offering - "gracious gift"

Puja, pooja, prayer
. - - - - - Punjab - Haiku from Punjab - パンジャブ .
Punjabi University


Punjabi apparel
... Patiala salwar trousers, pauncha ankle cuff
Punjabi Jutti shoes



Qawwali - devotional music
Quisqualis indica. Chinese honeysuckle

Raga Chandar Kauns, Chandarkauns Moon raga
Rain 
Raj Kapoor - actor
Rajanigandha (Polianthes tuberosa)
rangoli flower decorations
Rice, Basmati Rice 
Ropar town, Punjab
Rudraksha tree - "Rudra's eyes" mala


sadhu - holy man
Sandalwood (chandan)
Saraswati, Sarasvati deity
Sari Dress for Ladies
Sarovar - Sacred Pool
Sassui Punhun folktale, Sassi Punnun

Shisham tree - Dalbergia sissoo
Shivaji's forts
Shraddha devotion - Sraaddha

Silence (maun)
..... The Infinite Cosmoses Of Infinite Silences
by Narayanan Raghunathan
..... Silence and Stones
..... Silence and Haiga

sindoor, sindooram - red powder
Sirhind canal - Punjab
Sleshmantak ban Forest Nepal
Spices of India, an overview   

Sukhna Lake - Punjab
Sun (dinesh, dinesha) "He who is the lord of the days"        
Sun god (aditya) (India), Sun Godess Amaterasu Omikami (Japan)
..... including suriya namaskar and the gayatri mantra
Sunbirds

Sutlej River


Taj Mahal ... "the Taj"
- Tamil, Tamiz - Haiku in Tamil
Tantra
Temples in India
Thar desert
Tiger
Towns of India and haiku Asansol, Bangalore, Contai, Hardwar, Mysore, Sambalpur
Trekking Treck, Trecking


Urs -death anniversary


Window      

Yoga



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12/27/2014

Getting to Know India

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.. .. .. .. .. Welcome to India !


An Overview of India
http://www.tourisminindia.com/indiathedestination/index.htm


In our Kigo Database Library:

The Symbols of India


GENERAL

National Portal of India


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EDUCATION

Krishnamurti Foundation India / Journal

Articles in the Journal broadly cover the areas of philosophy and practice in education. The authors of the articles have been deeply moved by questions of life and education raised by the philosopher J. Krishnamurti, and their ongoing enquiry into such questions is reflected in their teaching and writing. This aspect of the Journal widens its scope and relevance to far beyond the classroom, indeed to the heart of learning and life itself.
http://www.journal.kfionline.org/about.asp


... The Haiku Scene in India : World Kigo Database


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............................. Nature

Birds of India
With 1250 species of birds, India is a paradise for bird watching.
The Blue Peafowl is the national bird.
For birding in India, 13 bio-geographical regions can be identified depending upon bird distribution: Trans Himalayan, Western Himalayas, Eastern Himalayas, Desert, Semi-arid, Gangetic plain, Central India, Deccan Plateau, Western Ghats, Eastern Ghats, North East, Coasts and the Andaman Nicobar Islands.
Copyright © birding.in and Birding in India


Flora of Haryana
Haryana has a forest covered land of about 3.5 per cent of the total area. A thorny dry deciduous forest, pine and thorny shrubs can be found all over the state.
Sal trees (Shorea robusta)
Tulsi (Ocimum sanctum)
..............................and many many more...
Copyright © Haryana Online

Fauna of Haryana
Haryana became a new state of India on 1st November, 1966, with Chandigarh as its capital.


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............................. City Guides
Bangalore
Calcutta
Chennai
Delhi/New Delhi
Mumbai
Thiruvananthapuram


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http://www.tourindia.com/htm/homepage.htm


An Overview
Clickable Map
National Insignia
Major Cities
Regions-States


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Welcome to Incredible India !



Namaskar, welcome to Incredible India, where culture echoes, tradition speaks, beauty enthrals and diversity delights.

Bounded by the majestic Himalayan ranges in the north and edged by an endless stretch of golden beaches, India is a vivid kaleidoscope of landscapes, magnificent historical sites and royal cities, misty mountain retreats, colourful people, rich cultures and festivities.

http://india-tourism.com/


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............................. Indian Art

Indian Art, Articles
Exotic India by Nitin Kumar

Art India Net

an exclusive site on Indian Performing and allied arts.

India Art
Information on visual arts, including paintings, crafts, art education and so on

Indian Heritage - info on Indian art & culture
Indian Heritage, information on all topics relating to Indian art, culture and tradition

PRABHU'S WEB PAGE ON INDIAN COINAGE
to explain the evolution of coinage and its role in understanding the history of India. By Govindraya Prabhu S.


HARAPPA ... Glimpses of South Asia before 1947


Indian Poetry and Writing
Boloji.com includes IndiaNest.com and PoeticNest.com
http://www.boloji.com/index.htm
http://www.boloji.com/poetry/index.htm


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............................. Indian Food

Sailus Kitchen with Seasonal Recipies

Food from India used as KIGO


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.. .. .. .. .. Welcome to India in Japan !

Nihon to Indo Koryu no Rekishi 日本とインド 交流の歴史
Japan and India: the History of Exchanges


© PHOTO 三省堂



. . . . . History of Indians in Japan WDK Library



© PHOTO Japan Post and Stamps about India


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THE INDIA SAIJIKI

Back to the Worldkigo Index
http://worldkigodatabase.blogspot.com/

BACK to the TOP / INDIA SAIJIKI

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12/14/2013

Sukhna Lake

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Sukhna Lake

***** Location: India
***** Season: Topic
***** Category: Earth


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Explanation

quote
Sukhna Lake(Hindi: सुख़ना) in Chandigarh,
India is an artificial lake at the foothills of the Himalayas, the Shivalik hills. This 3 km² rainfed lake was created in 1958 by damming the Sukhna Choe, a seasonal stream coming down from the Shivalik Hills. Originally the seasonal flow entered the lake directly causing heavy siltation. To check the inflow of silt, 25.42 km² of land was acquired in the catchment area and put under vegetation. In 1974, the Choe was diverted and made to bypass the lake completely, the lake being fed by three siltation pots, minimising the entry of silt into the lake itself.

The creation of the lake was one of the greatest gifts from Le Corbusier and the Chief Engineer P L Verma to the city of Chandigarh. To preserve its tranquility Corbusier insisted that it be forbidden to motor boats and the top of the dam (promenade) prohibited to vehicular traffic. The lake is fringed by a golf course to the south, and Nek Chand's famous Rock Garden of Chandigarh to its west.
© More in the WIKIPEDIA !


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Worldwide use


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Things found on the way



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HAIKU


Sukhna lake--
a mallard couple swims
in the morning mist


Arvinder Kaur
Chandigarh,India

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Sukhna lake--
a kid names the set of ducks
hope

at the Sukhna
swans, one after another
descending


- Shared by Neelam Dadhwal -
Haiku Culture Magazine, 2014


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Related words

***** . Haiku from Punjab .



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12/05/2013

Angelee Deodhar - Contributions

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Contributions by Angelee Deodhar

. WKD : Dr. Angelee Deodhar .

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Bhushan, Professor Satya Bhushan

On 4th December haijin writing in Hindi pay a tribute to the late Professor Satya Bhushan pioneer of haiku in India and winner of the prestigious Masaoka Shiki International Haiku Award in 2002.
- Reference - www.thehindu.com

Haiku Diwas-
friendship beyond boundaries
through haiku



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Hindu babies

In Hindu tradition, the hair from birth is associated with undesirable traits from past lives. Thus at the time of the mundan, the child is freshly shaven to signify freedom from the past and moving into the future. It is also said that the shaving of the hair stimulates proper growth of the brain and nerves, and that the sikha, a tuft at the crown of the head, protects the memory.
- source : en.wikipedia.org

smoky December
post harvest stubble burnt-
my grandson's tonsure


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Hornbill Festival

The unique Hornbill Festival, named after the bird, is one of the largest celebrations of the indigenous warrior tribes of Nagaland, in India's far north east region. The hornbill is particularly revered by the Nagas and is reflected in tribal folklore, dances and songs.

The festival is usually on every year from December 1-7. However, in 2013, it's being extended for a few extra days. It will conclude on December 10.
It takes place at Kisama Heritage Village, around 10 kilometers from Kohima (the capital of Nagaland).
- source : en.wikipedia.org


loud cackling
from the hollow tree-
a Hornbill calls



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Navy Day Celebration

India would celebrate the 42nd anniversary of the Indian navy this year (2013) on 4th of December in order to remember the daredevil attack on the naval base of Pakistan, at Karachi. In order to celebrate this occasion, the Western Naval Command of the Indian navy (headquarter is Mumbai) bring their ships and sailors for making the celebration excellent.
- source : www.indiacelebrating.com

Navy Day-
the sea and sky become
bluer than blue



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Friday the 13th

The fear of Friday the 13th has been called friggatriskaidekaphobia (Frigga being the name of the Norse goddess for whom "Friday" is named in English and triskaidekaphobia meaning fear of the number thirteen), or paraskevidekatriaphobia[8][9] a concatenation of the Greek words Paraskeví (Παρασκευή, meaning "Friday"), and dekatreís (, meaning "thirteen") attached to phobía(, from phóbos, , meaning "fear"). The latter word was derived in 1911and first appeared in a mainstream source in 1953.
- source : en.wikipedia.org

by the time I say
friggatriskaidekaphobia
I am no longer scared


Friday 13, December 2013


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Quema del Diablo - Guatemala

7 December : Quema del Diablo is celebrated across much of the country but you’ll witness the best festivities in the capital city and Antigua.

In local traditions, the devil lurks in the corners of homes, beneath beds and among garbage. Each year, as a prelude to Christmas, homes are cleaned and on 7 December the rubbish is collected in the streets. Often, an effigy of the devil is thrown on top, just to really sort him out. At 6pm the piles of garbage are set alight, chasing out the evil spirits and ushering in a devil-free Christmas season. To accompany the burn there might be marimba bands and there will certainly be fireworks. . . another rocket up the fleeing devil’s behind.
- source : www.lonelyplanet.com

Quema del Diablo-
to the sound of marimbas
samba amid fireworks




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Related words

***** . Haiku from Punjab .

***** . Haiku from Nepal .


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11/22/2013

Pushkar Fair

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Pushkar Fair - Pushkar Mela

***** Location: India
***** Season: Frost (November)
***** Category: Humanity


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Explanation

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The Pushkar Fair is India's greatest tribal gathering, featuring performances by musicians and dancers from Thar Desert. Pushkar in Rajasthan is usually crowded with visitors during its Pushkar Fair and every November, it gets even more crowded, with thousands of people- cattle traders, shopkeepers, merchants, dancers, musicians and artisans among them- congregating at Pushkar for a five-day long event which holds the distinction of being India's largest cattle fair. The fair is a memorable one with cocktail of sights, smells and sounds.

For the space of five days, Pushkar's narrow lanes are the scene for hectic trade and barter, for merrymaking and rejoicing- and despite the fact that the increasing commercialisation of the Mela has made it a whole lot more touristy than before, it continues to be a delightful experience. This is by far and away the best time to visit Pushkar, and what with the fair draws a huge number of visitors from across the globe.

Events during Pushkar Fair 2013



Camel race contest is usually the first event during Pushkar fair. The camels are decorated in finery and are raced to reach the finishing line before the music stops (something like musical chairs). Vying for the first prize the camel is judged upon its speed its equipment and ornaments, its capacity to interpret and carry out its masters' commands are the criteria of selection.
How can we forget to mention the well-known longest moustache, matka phod and bridal competition that attract thousands of tourists all over the world.

List of Pushkar Fair Events:
Camel Race
Gorband - Camel Decoration
Camel and Horse Dance
Kabbadi Match (Local v/s Visitors)
Cultural Programmes
Turban Tying and Tilak Competition

source : www.journeymart.com


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Pushkar is one of the five sacred dhams (pilgrimage site) for devout Hindus. The story goes that when Sati died, Lord Shiva cried so much and for so long, that his tears created two holy ponds – one at Pushkara in Ajmer in India and the other at Ketaksha, which literally means raining eyes, in Sanskrit. It is from this name that the word Katas is derived. It is often called "Tirth Raj" – the king of pilgrimage sites – and has in recent years become a popular destination for foreign tourists.

Pushkar is one of the oldest existing cities of India. It lies on the shore of Pushkar Lake. The date of its actual origin is not known, but legend associates Lord Brahma with its creation.
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Pushkar Fair-
after praying to Brahma
we watch camels race


Angelee Deodhar


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Related words

. Camels and camel races .


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11/17/2013

Guru Nanak

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Guru Nanak

***** Location: India
***** Season: Topic
***** Category: Humanity


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Explanation

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Guru Nanak Gurpurab also known as Guru Nanak's Prakash Utsav, celebrates the birth of the first Sikh Guru, Guru Nanak. This is one of the most sacred festivals in Sikhism. Apart from Sikhs, Hindus and other followers of Guru Nanak's philosophy also celebrate this festival.

The festivities in the Sikh religion revolve around the anniversaries of the 10 Sikh Gurus. These Gurus were responsible for shaping the beliefs of the Sikhs. Their birthdays, known as Gurpurab (or Gurpurb), are occasions for celebration and prayer among the Sikhs.



Guru Nanak, the founder of Sikhism, was born on 15 April 1469 in Rai-Bhoi-di Talwandi in the present Shekhupura District of Pakistan, now Nankana Sahib. His birth is celebrated on Kartik Poornima, i.e., the day of the full moon in the month of Kartik. In the Gregorian Calendar, the celebration usually falls in the month of November, but its date varies from year to year, based on the traditional dates of the Indian calendar.

Vela.
The day begins with the singing of Asa-di-Var (morning hymns).
This is followed by any combination of Katha (exposition of the scripture) and Kirtan (hymns from the Sikh scriptures), in the praise of the Guru.
Following that is the Langar, a special community lunch, which is arranged at the Gurudwaras by volunteers. The idea behind the free communal lunch is that everyone, irrespective of caste, class or creed, should be offered food in the spirit of seva (service) and bhakti (devotion).
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Guru Nanak Gurpurab
after singing the Asa-di-Var
we prepare the langar


Angelee Deodhar

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Related words

***** . Haiku from Punjab .


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Muharram festival

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Muharram festival

***** Location: India
***** Season: Autumn
***** Category: Observance


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Explanation

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Muharram is a month of remembrance & Modern Shia Meditation that is often considered synonymous with the event of Ashura. Ashura, which literally means the "Tenth" in Arabic, refers to the tenth day of Muharram. It is well-known because of historical significance and mourning for the martyrdom of Hussein ibn Ali, the grandson of Muhammad.

Muharram is the first month of the Islamic calendar. Some Muslims fast during daylight hours on the ninth and 10th or 10th and 11th days of the month. They may also attend special prayer meetings in mosques or private homes. Not all Muslim groups observe this occasion in the same manner. Some Muslims regard Muharram as the month of mourning, commemorating the Battle of Karbala.



The Pulikali, also known as the tiger dance, is part of the Muharram celebration in Kerala. Some Muslims paint their bodies with tiger markings, wear masks, and parade through streets, playing, dancing and mimicking a tiger. This is done to idealize the valor of Immam Hussain (or Husayn ibn Ali), the grandson of the Prophet Muhammad.
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. Tiger Dance (Huli Vesha, Puli Vesha) .


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Muharram parade-
children wearing tiger masks
dance in the streets


Angelee Deodhar


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11/16/2013

Kartik Purnima festival

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Kartik Purnima festival

***** Location: India
***** Season: Autumn
***** Category: Observance


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Explanation

Kartika Poornima (Kartika purnima)
is a Hindu, Jain and Sikh holy festival, celebrated on the Purnima (full moon) day or the fifteenth lunar day of Kartika (November–December). It is also known as Tripuri Poornima and Tripurari Poornima. It is sometimes called Deva-Diwali or Deva-Deepawali - the festival of lights of the gods.


Tripuri Poornima or Tripurari Poornima derives its name from Tripurari - the foe of the demon Tripurasura. In some legends of Kartik Poornima, the term is used to denote the three demon sons of Tarakasur. Tripurari is an epithet of god Shiva.
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Journey to Bali (Bali Yatra)
It is Kartik Purnima today, an auspicious day in Indian calendar. Centuries back the traders (Banik) from the east coast of India, primarily from Kalinga (present Orissa) used to take long journeys by sea routes to Sri Lanka (Singhal), Singapore (Singhpur), Bali, Java, Sumatra, Borneo, Cambodia (Khamboj) for business. Immediately after the SW monsoon, the North-west monsoon sets in favouring their voyage to South East Asian countries. The important ports then were Tamralipta (now in West Bengal), the mouth of the river Mahanadi and Kalinga Patnam (now in Andhra Pradesh).

The auspicious day to start the journey was the fullmoon of Kartik (Oct-Nov). This is known as Bali Jatra in Orissa, meaning journey to Bali island. To commemorate this historical day, people of Orissa, specially the girls, sail paper boats with a small lamp in rivers, canals or even ponds.

On this Bali Jatra day a great fair is arranged on the bank of river Mahanadi in Cuttack; near the ancient 9-floor fort known as Barabati. People besides sailing different types of fancy boats, go on boating in the moonlit night. Different variety of eateries are served. A large number of showrooms and shops are erected for this occasion. Thousands of people enjoy and do shopping during the entire night.

This fair has great historical and political importance. In ancient times India had established a great friendship and trade contacts with our south east neighbours. Those were India's prosperous period. However, during the British rule such trade and relaships were snapped. Even after independence India looked towards west and did not revive this tradition. This was a pity, since we lost friendly contacts with these countries and could not push a healthy trade.

It is worth noting that the Angkor Wat complex in Cambodia, contructed in 12th century by Suryavarman II in Hindu style under the influence of Kaling and Chola kings of Tamilnadu, underlines the bilateral relations of India with south asian countries. Angkor Wat adorns the national flag of Cambodia. The temple was first dedicated to Lord Vishnu, and later on Lord Buddha. It is one of the most architectural splendours of the world.

Can we again revive our old contacts and gain goodwill among our neighbouring countries!

North East Monsoon --
boats sail over surging waves
to faraway shores


Shared by Kumarendra Mallick
Haiku Culture Magazine - 2013



We can, just by tuning to our hearts and sending prayers for connection...and like the adage goes, where the heart is, we are, aren't we?!

glorious temple --
prayers are sung
in remembrance...


Shared by Brinda Buljore
Haiku Culture Magazine - 2013


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11/08/2013

Chhath festival

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Chhath festival

***** Location: India
***** Season: Topic
***** Category: Observance


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Explanation

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Chhath
is an ancient Hindu festival and only Vedic Festival dedicated to the Hindu Sun God, Surya and Chhathi Maiya (ancient Vedic Goddess Usha). The Chhath Puja is performed in order to thank Surya for sustaining life on earth and to request the granting of certain wishes.

The Sun, considered the god of energy and of the life-force, is worshiped during the Chhath festival to promote well-being, prosperity and progress. In Hinduism, Sun worship is believed to help cure a variety of diseases, including leprosy, and helps ensure the longevity and prosperity of family members, friends, and elders.


The rituals of the festival are rigorous and are observed over a period of four days. They include holy bathing, fasting and abstaining from drinking water (Vratta), standing in water for long periods of time, and offering prashad (prayer offerings) and arghya to the setting and rising sun.

Although it is observed most elaborately in Bihar, Jharkhand, Eastern UP and the Terai regions of Nepal in modern times, and is more prevalent in areas where migrants from those areas have a presence, it is celebrated in all regions and major urban centers in India.

Chhath puja is performed on Kartika Shukla Shashthi, which is the sixth day of the month of Kartika in the Hindu Calendar. This falls typically in the month of October or November in the Gregorian Calendar.

It is also celebrated in the summer (March–April), on Chaitra Shashthi, some days after Holi; this event is called Chaiti Chhath. The former is more popular because winter is the usual festive season in North India, and Chhath, being an arduous observance, requiring the worshipers to fast without water for around 36 hours continuously, is easier to undertake in the Indian winters.
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by the river Ganges
my parched throat
sings chhath songs


Shared by Neelam Dadhwal
Haiku Culture Magazine - 2013


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Chhathi Maiya


predawn ablutions -
her contours in a wet sari
distract my sun worship


Angelee Deodhar
2013




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Related words

***** . Haiku from Punjab .


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11/02/2013

rangoli decorations

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rangoli decorations

***** Location: India
***** Season: Topic
***** Category: Humanity


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Explanation

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Rangoli, also known as kolam or muggu is a folk art from India. It is usually made during Diwali, Onam, Pongal and other Indian festivals. Typically consisting of bright colors, rangoli is a decorative design made in living rooms and courtyard floors during Hindu festivals . They are meant to be sacred welcoming areas for the Hindu deities. The ancient symbols have been passed down through the ages, from each generation to the next, keeping both the art form and the tradition alive. The patterns are typically created with materials including colored rice, dry flour, (colored) sand or even flower petals. Similar practices are followed in different Indian states: in Tamil Nadu, there is Kolam in Tamil Nadu; Mandana in Rajasthan; Chowkpurna in Northern India; Alpana in West Bengal; Aripana in Bihar; Chowk pujan in Uttar Pradesh; Muggu in Andhra Pradesh and others.



The purpose of rangoli is decoration, and it is thought to bring good luck. Design depictions may also vary as they reflect traditions, folklore and practices that are unique to each area. It is traditionally done by women. Generally, this practice is showcased during occasions such as festivals, auspicious observances, marriage celebrations and other similar milestones and gatherings.

Rangoli designs can be simple geometric shapes, deity impressions, or flower and petal shapes (appropriate for the given celebrations), but they can also be very elaborate designs crafted by numerous people. The base material is usually dry or wet granulated rice or dry flour, to which sindoor (vermilion), haldi (turmeric) and other natural colors can be added. Chemical colors are a modern variation. Other materials include colored sand and even flowers and petals, as in the case of flower rangolis.
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kolam, kollam, kolum
Threshold Design in Tamil Nadu


CLICK for more photos

These patterns are normally called "Kolum." O sounds like Oh. U sounds like bun. Kohlum. When the symmetrical pattern is decorated in colors using colored sand or flower, then it is called rangoli.

The design or pattern is not symmetrical sometimes, but it is just a continuous line that curves around to make a beautiful border or design at the Center of the yard. . The threshold desing is compared to African sand drawings.

These patterns or designs were created in the olden days (according to Tamil literature) using rice flour. Holding a handful of flour in their right hand, the woman will uniformly drop the flour to make a line through her thumb and pointer and keep on moving her hands to make the curve or the dots. Nowadays, women use powder made out of stone. (Stone is crushed and sold commercially).

The patterns are very complicated and huge during festival months. The temples will have complex patterns that will cover thousands of square feet. Sometimes, several women together will create one large design.

Read more HERE:
 © www.tamilnation.org/


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Onam festival - Kerala


source : festivals.iloveindia.com


- quote
Onam is a harvest festival celebrated in Kerala, India.
It is the harvest of paddy. The legend has it that the great king Mahavali was so generous that he almost gifted anything any one asked. The gods in heaven got scared that he may become the king in the heaven. So, they requested Lord Vishnu to get rid of him. Lord Vishnu in the shape of a dwarf (Vaman incarnation) requested for three steps of land. Mahavali immediately donated without knowning its implication.

Vishnu put one foot on the ground that covered the earth, the second foot occupied the sky and there was no place for the third step. Vaman, therefore, offered his own head and Vishnu pushed him down into the Nerherland.

However, Mahavali was loved by everybody for his good nature and virtue, and returns to earth on the day of Onam. Onam is celebrated for 10 days. People don new dresses, prepare lovely dishes, eat on banana leaves and young girls make flower designs like carpets to welcome King Mahavali.

Onam celebrations --
angels delicately sit to make
flower designs


The flower arrangements for 'rangoli' during Onam are the highlight of the artistic minds of the pretty Kerala girls.
Happy Onam to everybody.

- Shared by Kumarendra Mallick -
Haiku Culture Magazine, 2013


. Festivals of India .



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diwali rangoli...
towns and cities light up
to diyas


Shared by Neelam Dadhwal
Haiku Culture Magazine - 2013


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Related words


. Diwali, Divali , Devali .


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