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Rice plant , Vrihi (Oryza sativa)

***** Location: India
***** Season: Various
***** Category: Plant


The main entry about the rice plants in Japan is . . .稲  HERE !


The god Shiva called rice Vrihi, in Sanskrit. India is one of the original centres of rice cultivation. The rice harvesting area in India is the world's largest. Indian rice cultivation is found in all states, but West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa and Bihar are the major producing states.

The early Kharif growing season lasts from March-May to June-October; the mid-Kharif season from June-October to November-February, and the Rabi season from November-February to March-June.

About 600 improved varieties of indica rice have been released for cultivation since 1965, but Basmati rice is still planted over large areas. Rice-based production systems provide the main income and employment for more than 50 million households.

Rice is the staple food for 65% of the total population in India. The Indian population was about 1 billion people in 2000 and is still growing at a high rate (1.7% per year). Although the country exports several varieties of rice, many scientists have expressed concern that current Indian rice production techniques cannot sustain the growing domestic population. India has a large number of rice dishes and many of them are very simple to prepare. Indian pilaf rice is very flavourful and fluffy when cooked with Basmati rice.

Worldwide use

Things found on the way

Vrihi (Oryza sativa)

Asko Parpola has assumed that the cultivation of rice have spread from the Ganges valley to Swat, Pirak (Kachi plain) and Gujarat during the first quarter of the second millennium BC. He says that the rice undoubtedly came from the Ganges valley, and this suggests a new level of mobility in the North India.
Again he says that, the etymology of the Vedic word for rice does not tally with the Proto-Austro-Asiatic words. Asko Parpola considers that the words for rice in Tamil ( arici) and Sanskrit (vrihi) have failed to demonstrate with any certainty the influences of the Austro- Asiatic loan words on the oldest phase of Indo-Aryan in the northwest.

The meaning of the word Vrihi includes a grain, paddy, and a grain of paddy. It is a varshic crop. Mahavrihi , vrihisrestam are the names of a kind of rice. Vyhreya is that which is related to vrihi. Vyhreyam is the field in which the vrihi is grown. Bahuvrihi is the place where there is plenty of vrihi grain.
Vrihyagaram means a granary.

Read all about it HERE !

. . . A Study on the Origin of the word Vrihi
by Dr. V. Sankaran Nair



harvesting rice ~
the long grain
of basmati

harvest time ~
a scarecrow defends
the rice fields

paddy fields ~
a slingshot drives
the crows away

entering her new
home a bride topples
a can of rice grains

a wedding ~
guests sprinkle rice
upon the couple

a belch breaks
the ensuing silence ~
a meal of rice

Gautam Nadkarni, India


rice field
maidens harvesting
bent like their sickles

wind caresses
the paddy field -
a green wave flows

wedding over
yellow rice on the couple -
a few on me too

B.Vadivelrajan, India


moonlit paddy field
plants sway their heads in delight;
as vast as the earth

Aju Mukhopadhyay, India, 2007


Kharif crops in India
denotes the agricultural crops grown in summer and harvested in autumn season. Major Kharif crops are Paddy, Cotton, Groundnut, Millet, and Sorghum. Besides India, Pakistan and Bangladesh also use these terms to describe their cropping season. The term comes from an Arabic word which means "autumn."
These crops rely on monsoon water for their proper growth.
© More in the WIKIPEDIA !

kharif crops--
slowly the parched lands
turns green

- Shared by Neelam Dadhwal -
Haiku Culture Magazine, 2013


Rabi crops in India
denotes the agricultural crops grown in winter and harvested in spring season. Major rabi crops are Wheat, Mustard, Oats, Chickpea, Linseed, Barley. Besides India, Pakistan and Bangladesh also use these terms to describe their cropping season. The term comes from an Arabic word which means "spring."
© More in the WIKIPEDIA !

sowing rabi crop
slips under a farmer's feet
morning cold

- Shared by Neelam Dadhwal -
Haiku Culture Magazine, 2013

Related words

***** Rice in Japan and its kigo



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