Spring (vasant)

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Spring (vasant, basant)

***** Location: India
***** Season: Spring
***** Category: Heavens


The months of Chaitra and Vaishakh.
Approximately March and April.


Vasant Panchami, Saraswati Puja -
North India and West Bengal

Vasant Panchami is the ceremonial welcome of the spring season in the month of Magh from the Hindu Lunar Calendar. This is a special day of worship for Hindu deities Saraswati, Shiva-Durga, Vishu-Lakshmi. People wear colourful attires, especially in bright shades of yellow and they dance, sing and make merry.

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. Vasant Panchami festival .  
Basant Panchmi - ਬਸੰਤ ਪੰਚਮੀ , Basant Panchami



Aali re Ayo Basant Suhavan
Girija Devi transports us to the realm of "Rituraj Basant"- Spring, the Lord of all seasons. When the Earth is laden with tender leaves and wrapped in colorful flowers, the blossom in bloom (Bahar) beckons his beloved Basant to play Holi, the festival of romanticism and color. But the youthful maiden expresses her shyness about meeting her loved one.

Spring begins with Basant Panchami when prayers are offered to Saraswati,the Goddess of learning, and culminates with the joyous colors of Holi, the festive occasion full of music and dance.

Hori, Rasia and Dhammal, as also the ragas Basant, Bahar and Hindol, are the best known musical expression of the romantic lyricism of Spring.

KHAYAL ; Raga Basant

The first composition is a Khayal in Raga 'Basant'. Literally translated, Khayal means imagination. The delicately ornamented phrases have more importance than the lyrics of the text. The Khayal genre of Hindustani classical music is believed to have been developed by Amir Khosro in the thirteenth century.

The recording starts with 'Bara' khayal set in Ektal ( slow 12 beats). The words are "Aee ayo re ritu navali" means "friends, the beautiful season of Spring is here with all its splendor and fragrance". The 'Chota Khayal' (fast composition) is set in Teental or sixteen beats. The wordings are "Maaee re mai to piya sang kheli hori"( I play Holi with my beloved).

Raga Basant: This is a very melodious raga and creates the mood for spring. It belongs to the Thaat Purvi, and is a 'shadava sampurna' raga in which note Pa is excluded in the Aroha while employing the komal Re, Dha & both the Shuddh and Teevra Ma. Time of rendering is the last quarter of the night.

TAPPA ; Raga : Bahar

The second composition is a TAPPA composed in Raga Bahar which is set in the Adhdha Tal (16 beats). The words are "Gulshan me Bulbul chehki" ( The Bulbul is chirping in the blossomed garden).

Tappa is a light classical form believed to have been developed in the eighteen century from the songs of the Punjabi camel drivers. The rendering of a tappa requires great virtuosity, with the inclusion of fast and perpetual movement of tans. Girija Devi, one of the most legendary proponents of this genre of classical music, is famous for her interpretation and improvisation of these difficult compositions.

Raga Bahar is a Shadav raga of Thaat Khafi. Re is excluded in Aroha and Dha in Avaroha. The time of rendering is midnight.

THUMRI ; Raga : Mishra Kafi
The third composition is a Thumri in Banaras style. The raga chosen is Mishra Kafi set in Jat Tal. The predominant theme of the Thumri is erotic fantasy, with all its twists and turns and shifting panorama of colors. Deep-rooted sentiments and some typical situation, phase or temperament of common rural folk is usually depicted. The Thumri is also associated with Holi and the 'Rasa-Lila' of Radha-Krishna, the divine lovers of 'Vraja'. The words are: "Maai kaese khelu holi Kanhaiya mag me Thare" ( how can I play Holi when Krishna is standing in my way ).

DADRA; Raga : Panch Raga
The forth composition , Aali re ayo Basant suhawan, is a song that welcomes Basant,the spring. Set to Kaharwa Tal (8 beats), the composition is a Dadara which is a beautiful blend of five ragas- Basant, Bahar, Darbari, Sahana & Kafi. Dadara is a light classical form resembling Thumri in which its lyrics evoke eroticism and passion. A specific emphasis is given to the pace of its rhythm.

CHAITI ; Raga : Mixed, Basant
Seej charat dar laagee. The concluding composition is Chaiti in Mishra Basant & Bahar. The Chaiti is a musical form derived from folk songs and its theme revolves around the festivities of Holi. It evokes the aura of romanticism and the mood of love. In this particular song, the newly married young bride is expressing her shyness at meeting her beloved.

© Mantra Music Inc. 2001


Worldwide use

. World Kigo Database: Spring (haru)

Things found on the way

(Marathi चैत्र caitr, Hindi: चैत्र cait, Kannada"ಚೈತ್ರ","Chaitra", Telugu:చైత్రము chaitramu Tamil: சித்திரை chithirai, Malayalam: chaitram) is a month of the Hindu calendar.

In India's national civil calendar Chaitra is the first month of the year while it is the last month of the year in Nepali calendar where Baisakh is the first month. With the calendar reforms, it coincides with the northern spring equinox on March 20.

In the more traditional reckoning, the first month commences in March or April of the Gregorian Calendar, depending upon whether the lunar or solar system is used. There is no fixed date in Gregorian calendar for 1st day of Chaitra, i.e., the beginning of the Hindu New Year.

It is the last month in the Bengali calendars (the Bônggabdo), where it is called Choitro. It commences in mid-March. It is also the last month in the Nepalese calendar (the Bikram Sambat), where it commences in mid-March. Chitterai is the first month in the Tamil calendar and starts in mid-April.

In the Vaishnava calendar, Vishnu governs this month.

According to the Sloka Chaturvarga Chintamani, Lord Brahma created the universe on the first day of Shukla paksha (first fortnight / first half of the month) in the month of Chaitra. He also gradually included planets, stars, ruthu (seasons) and rains.
In this month, the fifteen days in Shukla paksha are dedicated to fifteen deities. Each day of the month is dedicated to a different god.
source : wikipedia


Gudhi Padwa
is the Marathi name for Chaitra Shukla Pratipada.
It is the first day of the Hindu calendar month Chaitra (March-April as per the Gregorian Calendar) and is celebrated as New Year's Day for Maharashtrians and Hindu Konkanis in India. The day is also known as Samvatsar Padvo.

A Gudhi is erected on Gudhi Padva

On Guḍhī Pāḍavā, a gudhi is found sticking out of a window or otherwise prominently displayed in traditional Maharashtrian households. Bright green or yellow cloth adorned with brocade (zari) tied to the tip of a long bamboo over which gaathi (sugar crystals), neem leaves, a twig of mango leaves and a garland of red flowers is tied. A silver or copper pot is placed in the inverted position over it.
Altogether, it is called as Gudhi. It is hoisted outside the house, in a window, terrace or a high place so that everybody can see it.
© More in the WIKIPEDIA !

new moon day
the Gudhi’s green brighter
than the mango leaves

visiting the temple
for my grandson’s horoscope
first day, first month

Angelee Deodhar, Spring 2013


Chaitra's Eve
colors all around
Women's Day

- Shared by Satdeep Gill
Joys of Japan, March 2012

. Women's Day, International Woman's Day .
March 8

Related words

............... Kigo for Spring in India

Saraswati, Shiva-Durga, Vishu-Lakshmi

veena (the instrument)

mango blossoms

Mustard flowers

Koyal (Indian singing bird)

the color yellow
yellow Kesari halwa and Kesari sweet rice

Kite flying India, Pakistan

***** . World Kigo Database: Spring (haru)

***** Ritusamharam Seasons of India

***** Music of India Indian Music and Haiku



sushilsingh said...

Holi is one of the major festivals of India and is celebrated in almost every parts

with great fun and frolic. The joys of Holi know no bound. The festival is

celebrated across the four corners of India or rather across the globe. However,

each part of the country has its own way of celebrating Holi in a different way.

Let's have a look at how Holi is celebrated in different part of the country
Please Visit For More Detail

Gabi Greve said...

Thanks for introducing the colorful HOLI festival.

A detailed haiku collection is here now