8/09/2006

Tiger (tora) and Dance

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Tiger Dance (Huli Vesha, Puli Vesha)

***** Location: India
***** Season: Autumn
***** Category: Observance


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Explanation


for tiger (tora) see below

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The Dance Of The Great Indian Tiger

Tiger, tiger burning bright
In the forest of the night.

William Blake.


The Great Indian Tiger has from times immemorial kindled man’s fantasy.
What could be the reason?
Maybe deep within primitive man admired it so much that he tried to emulate the ways of the tiger?

In India the tiger is associated with Goddess Durga.

He guards the jungle, Mother Goddess is depicted as riding on his back and the tiger is also credited with the power to create rain and capable of controlling drought

Performed around September - The Tiger dance –- called by various names depending on the region it is performed is a well known folk dance – usually seen during Dussera / Navarathri [ the 9 night’s festival].

Huli Vesha or Puli Vesha – as the tiger dance is known in Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh is performed during Dussera and Muharram by both the Hindus and Muslims.

The dancer paints his body in yellow varnish with black stripes resembling a tiger, on his face he wears a tiger’s mask , his long tail is made of cloth and he wears bells only on one leg .

The tiger dance, also seen in Orissa, is known as the Bagh Nritya.

Kala Ramesh

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Tiger Dance is a unique form of folk dance in Dakshina kannada that fascinates the young and the old alike. Since tiger is considered as the favored carrier of Goddess Sharada (the deity in whose honor Dussera is celebrated), this dance is performed during the Dussera celebration. It is also performed during other festivals like Krishna Janmasthami.

There are more than 50 troupes who perform this famed folk dance. Popular and probably the oldest one among them is the Kesari friends circle group headed by Bajilkeri Kamalaksha. The Mangalorean style is distinctive by its body paint, the satin chaddi or knicker and the headgear which is made of papier-mache and adorned with raw wool - the 'fur' of the Tiger.



The grand Hulivesha performance is preceded by a long body painting session. Several layers of paint is applied on the artist's body carefully. Each layer is applied such that the end result reflects the grandeur of the carnivore. Typically the body colour is layered with yellow and black colour with occasional touching of red near the mouth. During this period which lasts several hours the artist stands erect so that the paint doesn't get distorted.

Hulivesha is accompanied by the familiar drumbeat which can be heard from very far off places. On hearing the beat, herds of children flock to place where the dance is being performed and start moving with the troupe. Every child in Kudla can play the popular Hulivesha drum rhythm (of course with their mouth). We wish we could play it here.

During the dance the artists perform many heroic acts which depicts the power of the carnivore. 'Killing sheep' is one the famous acts performed. A skillful tiger dancer is expected to kill a sheep, which means the artist holds the sheep by his teeth toss it in the air and throw it away. The sheep is not actually killed and it is only a ritual. Many such acts are performed, some of the popular ones being picking the note with his mouth by bending backwards, swinging the mace etc.

A typical troupe consists of 7-15 members. But there are troupes of much larger sizes also. The formal dance begins with a Ganesh pooja following the Navarathri festival. The tiger dance occupies a prominent place throughout the Dussera procession. It is a tribute to the royal cat which is the favored carrier of many gods and goddesses.
© Mangalore.com
http://www.mangalore.com/documents/tigerdance.html

More photos of Mangalore
http://www.mangalore.com/documents/picgallery.html

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Tiger Dance, Hulivesha - The royal tiger dance



© 2006 Venkatesh Rangarajan - All rights reserved.
http://www.lonelywanderer.com/p8829944.html

More superb photos are here:
http://www.lonelywanderer.com/c321894.html

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Worldwide use


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Things found on the way


Durga and the Tiger
(sometimes she is shown on a lion)



With her golden body blazing with the splendor of a thousand suns, seated on her lion or tiger vehicle, Durga is one of the most spectacular of all personifications of Cosmic Energy.

Article by Nitin Kumar
Read the full article at Exoticindiaart.com


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About Tigers and Elephants :

PROTECTING INDIA'S 'WILD EAST'
By PHILIP CARTER, May 2007



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HAIKU


the painted dancer -
holds the tiger’s face
in his hands

tiger dance -
imitating his movements
all the village kids

Kala Ramesh

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puli soda kudikkunnu~
pulikkalikidayiloru
ona thumbi~ [ Malayalam ]

tiger drinks soda ~
between the tiger dance
an onam-dragonfly

© Narayanan Raghunathan

Behind the masks,
their eyes so much alive-
the tiger-dance


Vasile Moldovan

Quote from the Photo Haiku Gallery

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Related words

***** Tiger, a non-seasonal topic
Animal.

Thailand

TIGER CONSERVATION PROJECT

(Tiger Island) At Wat Pa Luang Ta Bua Yannasampanno / Kanchanaburi Province

BACKGROUND

In February 1999 a four month’s old one-footed female tiger cub came to the monastery in a bad condition with a sign of alarm whenever she heard a popping sound of can opening. Her head was stitched. Her eyes were dimmed and she could see things only at a very short distance. The claws of her front legs were removed. She had blunt teeth and could chew and swallow foods only with difficulty. She was upset and roaring as she ate and kept wandering around but she never hurt anybody.

According to a narration, the baby tiger eluded from being killed and stuffed at the Thai-Myanmar border. Her mother was believed to be shot dead. The monastery thus looked after her and she stayed alive.

The event brought sympathy to all the persons who took part in saving her life and nobody would expect to see such case again. Yet several other baby tigers were brought to the monastery with almost the same story.

There are some fertile forest areas along the Thai-Myanmar border where a small population of tiger still exists. The areas are difficult to access and control and it is unfortunate that many tigers end their lives from being poached. Not knowing how to do after killing their parents, the tiger cubs are brought to the monastery where it is regarded as a land of mercy.

Read more about this wonderful project.
http://www.openworldthailand.com/index.cfm?menuid=69

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While the tiger is not always easy to see in this region of mountainous plateaus and rugged ravines, its presence can be felt: "While exploring the ruins of the Hindu kingdom, we came upon a little lake with a small temple perched perfectly on a peninsula.
We were there at midday, but in my mind's eye, I saw it at dawn, or by moonlight, perhaps twilight. There could be a tiger, emerging from the shelter of the temple, looking out over the lake."

© Robert Bateman
http://www.artandnature.com/bateman/hindutemple.html



HAIKU

i look at the tiger ~
the tiger looks at me ~
two cosmoses merge ~

Narayanan Raghunathan

Photo and more haiku at the Photo Haiku Gallery

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GERMANY
Bonsai-Tiger, pet name for the cat

Cat as kigo
http://worldkigodatabase.blogspot.com/2005/03/cat-neko.html


The Tiger, Priest Bukan and the "Four Sleepers"
Some Japanese Zen Art
By Gabi Greve


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***** . Muharram festival .
The Pulikali, also known as the tiger dance, is part of the Muharram celebration in Kerala. Some Muslims paint their bodies with tiger markings, wear masks, and parade through streets . . .



***** Lion dance (shishimai 獅子舞)
but that is only with masks, a Chinese tradition, performed in China and Japan and other Asian countries.
. . . CLICK here for Photos !

... WKD: New Year (shin-nen) and Lion Dance

WKD : Rain Rituals (amagoi)


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2010 the Year of the Tiger
Toradoshi 寅年

15 February 2010 - 3 February 2011
Metal Tiger (tora, the animal 虎)


. WKD : First Day of the Tiger (hatsu tora)  
and related kigo about Mount Kurama


The Asian Lunar Calendar
and the 12 Zodiac Animals


Happy New Tiger !
More Information about 2010.



CLICK for more photos
. The Animals of the Four Directions  
Shijuu (四獣,四聖獣)with the White Tiger 白虎 in the West, a road in the West of a city layout.



The Four Sleepers, shisui 四睡 ... with a Tiger



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わが湖あり日蔭真つ暗な虎があり
わが湖(うみ)あり日蔭真暗な虎があり 
waga umi ari hikage makkura na tora ga ari

there is my very own lake ...
there is a tiger with a very
black shadow


Kaneko Tohta, 1961
Tr. Gabi Greve


Tohta writes:
"I had come back from Nagasaki to Tokyo. It was in early summer at some lake in the mountains, all was lush and green and a tiger could easily be hidden in the shadows. In my mind, the lake became my sphere, the tiger shadow lay there all black with my expectations."
He had differences with Nakamura Kusatao and started the new Gendai Haiku Kyokai in the same year.
One can imagine that the tiger in this haiku is Tohta himself.
http://yahantei.blogspot.com/2005/12/blog-post_09.html

This is the year when he published
The Haiku of Tohta Kaneko (1961)


Discussion at THF


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. Tora トラ - 虎 - 寅 the Tiger Toys .
Japan


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2 comments:

. Gabi Greve said...

. Tigers in Sunderbans, India, By ROWAN HOOPER .

World Kigo Library

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Anonymous said...

Very interesting...I love dances