Harike Wetland


Harike Wetland

***** Location: India
***** Season: Topic
***** Category: Earth


Harike Wetland also known as "Hari-ke-Pattan",
with the Harike Lake in the deeper part of it, is the largest wetland in northern India in the Tarn Taran Sahib district of the Punjab state in India. The wetland and the lake were formed by constructing the Head works across the Sutlej river, in 1953. The headworks is located downstream of the confluence of the Beas and Sutlej rivers.

The rich biodiversity of the wetland which plays a vital role in maintaining the precious hydrological balance in the catchment with its vast concentration of migratory fauna of waterfowls including a number of globally threatened species (stated to be next only to the Keoladeo National Park near Bharatpur) has been responsible for the recognition accorded to this wetland in 1990, by the Ramsar Convention, as one of the Ramasar sites in India, for conservation, development and preservation of the ecosystem.

This man-made, riverine, lacustrine wetland spreads in to the three districts of Amritsar, Ferozepur and Kapurthala in Punjab and covers an area of 4100 ha. Conservation of this Wetland has been given due importance, since 1987–88, both by the Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India and the Punjab State Government (through its several agencies), and over the years several studies and management programmes have been implemented.

The wetland was declared a bird sanctuary in 1982 and named as
Harike Pattan Bird Sanctuary.

The Indus dolphin (Platanista gangetica minor)
supposed to have become extinct in India after 1930, but largely found in the Indus river system in Pakistan, was recently sighted in the Beas River in Harike wetland area.

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Things found on the way


Harike Wetland -
emigratory birds
from east hustle
towards west
the river flows quietly

Surmeet Maavi



Related words

***** . Haiku from Punjab .


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