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***** Location: India, other areas
***** Season: Non-seasonal Topic
***** Category: Animal


There are many species of monkeys.

Langur Monkey

The langur monkey is called ''leaf monkeys'' because they eat chiefly leaves. The large stomach and intestines of these monkeys give them potbellied appearance. They also eat fruit, flowers, grass.

The langur monkey has a slender body, with a long tail. Their coat may be red, brown, silver, gray, golden, or black so he can blend in with the places they live in. The adult langur weigh from 11 to 40 pounds. They measure 17 to 31 inches tall, their tail is 21 to 42 inches long. Male langurs are larger then females.

They live in warm humid swamp forest to cold mountains. They live in groups from 10 to 40 members. The langur can jump over a river. They can jump 10 meters
Langur Information Makalapa


Monkeys at the University Roof

© Photos by Johannes Manjrekar


The famous Hanuman, the Monkey King !

Hanuman is the son of Vayu, the Hindu god of Wind, and is looked upon by Hindus as the ultimate hero. He represents the figure of the ideal being, as he is humble yet brave. His physical prowess, mental discipline and spiritual purity have made him extremely popular all over India.

As a child, Hanuman mistook the rising sun for a fruit and tried to eat it, in the process disrupting the movements of the nine astrological bodies, the Grahas. When Indra, lord of the skies, hurled his thunderbolt to stop Hanuman, Vayu was so angry that he sucked away the air from the three worlds causing all creatures to choke. Vayu wouldn't release the wind until Indra promised to give Hanuman supernatural powers.

Hanuman is best known from the Indian epic the Ramayana. In this masterwork, Sita, the wife of Prince Rama, is abducted by the demon Ravana. Hanuman leads his army of monkeys and bears to build a bridge from India to the island of Lanka, where Sita was being held.

As Hanuman's armies attacked, Prince Rama rode in on Hanuman's shoulders and fired an arrow into Ravana, killing the demon and liberating Sita.

The Mystery of Hanuman
Inspiring Tales from Art and Mythology

In Hindu symbolism, a monkey signifies the human mind, which is ever restless and never still.

The Spiritual Significance of Hanuman
The goal of all mystical yearning is union of the individual soul with the universal soul. In the Adhyatma ('spiritual') Ramayana, a Sanskrit text dating from the fourteenth or fifteenth century, Sita represents the individual (jiva-atma), which has separated from the universal (param-atma) symbolized by Rama. In a beautiful interpretation, Hanuman here is said to personify bhakti, which annihilates the 'ahankara' or ego (Ravana), and re-unites the two.

Read the full article by Nitin Kumar
Exotic India


In Hindu symbolism, a monkey signifies the human mind, which is ever restless and never still.

Adyaathma Raamaayana is a demystified version of a divine text venerated by innumerable people. Raamaayana is an Ithihaasa [ancient history] so old it is undatable: even the Sanskrit style involves a different grammar I hope people dont demystify The Gods into crude abstractions of Advaita or others.

Hanuman is the eleventh manifestation of Rudra Shiva and still Exists as a Chiranjeevi [ Ever Living ] available for perception in his glorious form.

Hanuman is one of my primary Guru(s)! He initiated me in a dream into yoga about thirty years ago when He appeared in a divine luminous space and showed me my death and my own subtle body[ sooshma shariram ]which passes on into other worlds after death . He also appeared to me in another dream about eight years ago when he revealed his Vishwaroopaam [Cosmic Form].

Anjaneya Hanuman is divinely ornamented with cosmic jewels and he is luminous golden in colour in my visions. Hanuman is also mentioned in other Puraanaas . It may be noted that Anjaneya is also hailed as the greatest linguist grammarian and musician apart from being the special Guru for martial arts like Kalari payatttu [ from Kerala] Gusthi [Wrestling] etc.

Hanuman's Sahasranaama [ thousand names ] are also recited and Lord Sri Rama is The Rishi (Seer) of this revelatory mantram.
Of course, Hanuman is the greatest Bhaktha [devotee] .

Narayanan Raghunathan, August 2006

Worldwide use


monkey, saru 猿

. . . . .

kigo for alll winter

kanen, kan en 寒猿 (かんえん) monkey in the cold
saur sakaru 猿さかる(さるさかる) monkey in heat

. 温泉猿 Monkeys sitting in the Hot Springs !  

. . . . .

kigo for the New Year

saru mawashi 猿廻し (さるまわし) monkey dance performance
saru hiki 猿曳(さるひき)
saru hiki 猿引(さるひき)
saru mai shi 猿舞師(さるまいし))trainer of dancing monkeys
maizaru 舞猿(まいざる)dancing monkey
tayuuzaru 大夫猿(たゆうざる)"acting monkey"

. Dance and Kigo .


Saiyuki, also known as Genso maden Saiyuki (幻想魔伝最遊記, Gensōmaden Saiyūki?, lit. Romanticized Tale of a Journey to the Extreme)
saiyuuki "西遊記" ("Journey to the West" )
Xī Yóu Jì (西遊記) in Chinese

deals with the fortunes of four fighters - the monk Genjyo Sanzo (Romanized Genjo in the anime and Singapore English manga), the monkey deity Son Goku, the half-demon Sha Gojyo (sometimes spelled Gojou), and the demon Cho Hakkai, who have been dispatched by the Sanbutsushin (The Three Aspects of the Buddha) to India to investigate the reasons behind the recent insanity among the demons. Demons, who have formerly coexisted peacefully with humans in Shangri-La, are going berserk and turning against them.

Genjo Sanzo (Genjoo Sanzoo 玄奘三蔵) — Xuan Zang (玄奘) or Tang San Zan (Tang's three scriptures), Buddhist monk who uses a gun which can exterminate demons and a fan to silence Goku and Gojyo when they start to quarrel and can use sutras to defeat stronger demons.

Son Gokū — Sūn Wùkōng (孫悟空), the monkey king, who is equipped with:
kinkoji (緊箍児), a magical head band placed by Sanzō Hōshi / Xuan Zang
nyoiboo (如意棒), an extendable fighting stick
kinto-un (觔斗雲), cloud mobile

Read more in the WIKIPEDIA

SARU, meaning "to go away, to pass" also a sentence like MA GA SARU 魔が去る, the evil will go away, made the monkey (saru) a special object of bringing good luck in Japan.

. Monkey Amulets and Talismans .

ooo ooo ooo ooo ooo ooo ooo ooo ooo

See no evil, hear no evil, speak no evil!

Jizo statue of a monkey in Sugamo, Tokyo. The pedestal carving depicts the Three Monkeys covering eyes, ears and mouth.

© PHOTO nipponia / animals

monkey teachers . . .
to observe, to listen
to recite haiku

Gabi Greve
another look at the three wise monkeys

Nagi 09 three different monkeys


Monkey's Raincoat

hatsushigure saru mo komino o hoshige nari

first snow shower -
even the monkeys would want
a straw raincoat

(Tr. Gabi Greve)

Sarumino 猿蓑 : Linked Poetry of the Basho School
. Matsuo Basho 松尾芭蕉 - Archives of the WKD .



. Monkey haiku from Kenya



. Tarsier / Tarsius syrichta
The world's smallest monkey !



Monkey on the fence
Lived in an Anchor Beer crate
Sweet thing….. Snake screamer

At the Police Married Quarters in Kuching, Sarawak in about 1963. There were monkeys posted all around the perimeter fence as early warning for snakes.
This one was called Queenie.

- Shared by Res John Burman -
Joys of Japan, 2012


Things found on the way

Daruma Doll Museum : Saru - Monkey
by Gabi Greve

Migawari Monkey, the Monkey Charm of Naramachi Japan

ooo ooo ooo ooo ooo ooo ooo ooo ooo

Monkey business on Delhi Metro New Delhi

They say it takes a thief to catch a thief, but India's Delhi Metro has hired a monkey to frighten off other monkeys from boarding trains and upsetting passengers.
The langur monkey, trained since the age of three months, has been patrolling monkey-prone stations on a leash. In June, a monkey boarded a train at the underground Chawri Bazaar station and reportedly scared passengers by scowling at them for three stops. It then alighted at Civil Lines station.

The Delhi Metro Rail Corporation says it hopes the new hire will avert a repeat of that episode. "It started working about a month ago and since then we've not had a single incident," said Anuj Dayal, a metro spokesman. The langur's keeper - or langurwallah - is being paid 6,900 rupees (80 pounds) a month. Langur monkeys are similarly employed around the grounds of parliament and some government buildings in New Delhi.
© Thursday, 03 August , 2006 (Reuter)


lunch break
a langur looks out
from the classroom

evening moon
a langur rests against
the TV aerial

my window bars
langurs playing
on the grass

Johannes Manjrekar, 2006

morning light
the langur's black face
and silver halo

Johannes Manjrekar, 2007


A monkey snatches
a bunch of banana and eats-
sitting on a parapet.

Aju Mukhopadhyay, August 2007


Go tell your monkey
that I don't see things
the way he does

CJ, haikumagic blogspot


the monkey
monkey faced with monkey acts-
the year passes

Kala Ramesh, India


on the National Highway

Hanuman on the highway is a familiar sight. There are Hanuman temples (on both sides of the National Highway) most of which remain unvisited by people. Also, there are frequent appearances of monkeys on the highway that disrupt traffic. Recently there was a widespread media coverage of monkey-menace in Delhi. They are also in the holy city of Varanasi.

--R.K.SINGH, India, November 2007



Half eaten fruits left,
without a rhyme or reason
are meaningless words.

Minal Sarosh, India January 2008


monkey business
around the world
we look at each other

Gabi Greve, August 2006

... ... ...

monkey peace ...
picking fleas off
each other's backs

Ella Wagemakers


fleeing the bees
the monkey's restless

hachi nigete saru wa kyoro-kyoro manako kana

by Issa, 1824
Tr. David Lanoue

Related words

***** dancing monkeys, maizaru 舞猿 in Japan
sarumawashi 猿廻し (さるまわし)
Kigo for the New Year

***** Crape myrtle (sarusuberi) Japan
Lit. Even monkeys fall from trees!
Kigo for Mid-Summer




Anonymous said...

Monkey Year --
divorced again
for the same reason

(First Prize in the International Kaji Aso Haiku Cintest, 2004)

Gabi Greve said...

Calculating and intelligent, yet
mischievous, vain, and restless.
Akin to the human spirit and passions.
Common motif in Buddhist art & literature.

. MONKEY resources by
Mark Schumacher .

Check it out !!!


Anonymous said...

monkey see
monkey do --
the sound of water

Yeah... when will we stop monkey-"ing" around with haiku?

ai... chibi

PS... damn that opposing thumb!


Anonymous said...

monkey face
the same arms and legs
... my tail is hidden

:>) Ella Wagemakers

Anonymous said...


Jaya Hanuman jnana guna sagara, jaya Kapisha tinhu loka ujagara,
Ramaduta, atulita baladhama, Anjaniputra, Pawanasuta nama.’

Victory to thee, O Hanuman, thou art the ocean of knowledge and virtue. Victory to thee O Lord of Monkeys, thou art known in all three worlds. O Emissary of Rama, thou art the home of unparalleled might; Anjaniputra – Anjani’s son, and Pawanasuta – son of the wind god, art thy names.

This Hanuman, who possesses ocean-like unfathomable knowledge and virtue, incomparable might and earth-like steadfastness, is known and worshipped primarily as the redeemer in crisis : ‘Ko nahi janat hai jaga mein Kapi Sankata-mochana nama tinharo’ – who knows not in the world, O Monkey-god, redeemer in crisis is thy name. And, the laudation is least exaggerated.

In theology or tradition of devotion, no god of any pantheon in India is venerated so much for redeeming in crisis as Hanuman. As occasions of misfortune outnumber those of happiness in life, mankind looks more to him who redeems from misfortune rather than him who bestows happiness. Hanuman, the redeemer, is hence more widely worshipped and has a larger number of shrines dedicated to him than even Rama, his master. Hanuman’s power to redeem is not a mere theological conceptualisation or a believer’s hypothesis, his life, as it reveals in different sources, is its example.

In Rama-katha – story of Rama’s life, which is broadly also the story of Hanuman’s life, this emissary and servant of Rama often rises above his master at least in the face of a crisis.


It is only Hanuman who wards off adverse influence of planets like Saturn and Rahu, protects from business failures, failure in examinations, politics, sports and other fields. In a strange fusion of the machine and the faith, which reveals when a road-roller, truck, locomotive engine, or a ship, painted with an icon of Hanuman or simply his name, passes across, Hanuman is believed to avert mishap at sea, rail-track and roads, and protect machine and treasures it contains.


Gabi Greve said...

Hanuman, the Monkey God of Indian Lore

Indeed, having both Shiva and Vayu as his illustrious fathers, he was
no ordinary child. Hanuman was restless, spirited, energetic and
inquisitive. He was obviously endowed with awesome strength and the
scriptures abound in tales expounding on his remarkable feats.
Once for example he mistook the sun for a ripe fruit (monkeys are
naturally lured by red ripe fruits), and rushed towards the sky in an
attempt to grab it.

Read this charming article with wonderful illustrations.

The RED ROUND SUN is our link to Daruma.

Read on
As he grew up, Hanuman sought to educate himself and for this purpose
he chose Surya the sun god as his guru saying: "You see everything
there is to see in the universe and you know everything there is to
know. Please accept me as your pupil." Surya hesitated. "I don't have
the time," he said. "During the day I ride across the sky, and at
night I am too tired to do anything."


Gabi Greve - Basho archives said...

saru o kiku hito sutego ni aki no kaze ika ni

those who listen for the monkeys:
what of this child
in the autumn wind?

Matuo Basho
(Tr. Barnhill)

Gabi Greve - Buson said...

Yosa Buson

sarudo no no yosamu toiyuku usagi kana

Who goes to visit
Sir Monkey this frozen night -
Only Mr. Hare?

Tr. Nobuyuki Yuasa


Gabi Greve said...

Kobayashi Issa

myoojin no mashira asobu ya aki no yama

the great god's
monkeys are playing...
autumn mountain

The location might well be Mount Hiei near Kyoto where some of the most famous sacred monkeys of Japan reside.
Mashira is an old word for monkey.

David Lanoue