Parijaat blossoms

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Parijaat blossoms

***** Location: India
***** Season: Autumn
***** Category: Plant


Parijaat blossoms , Parijat blossoms

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"Har Singar", "Sephali" "Sephalika"
and "Night Jasmine"
Indian celestial tree

Nyctanthes arbor-tristis (Night-flowering Jasmine) is a species of Nyctanthes, native to southern Asia, from northern Pakistan and Nepal south through northern India and southeast to Thailand.

commonly known as

Night-flowering Jasmine
Coral Jasmine
Parijat (also spelled Paarijat or Paarijaata)
Shephali, Shefali
Maramalli or Pavazha malli in Tamil

(Also spelled pavaza malli or pavala malli)

The tree is sometimes called the "tree of sorrow", because the flowers lose their brightness during daytime; the scientific name arbor-tristis also means "sad tree".
The flowers are gently shaken from the tree and used as offerings in temples.
The flowers can also be used as a source of yellow dye for clothing.
The flower is the official flower of the state of West Bengal, India, and for Kanchanaburi Province, Thailand.

Parijat appears in several Hindu myths. In one myth, which appears in Srimad Bhagavatam, the Mahabharata and the Vishnu Purana, Parijat appeared as the result of the Samudra manthan (Churning of the Milky Ocean). In another myth, Parijat was brought to earth by Krishna from Indra's garden.

In Hindu mythology, there is a story involving Lord Krishna about a parijat and Krishna's two wives, Satyabhama and Rukmini. Satyabhama wanted this "Parijat" tree from the Heaven to be planted in her garden. Rukmini too, took a fancy to the flower. Krishna, wanting to keep both his wives happy, planted this tree so that the flowers fell in Rukmini’s garden while the tree remained in Satyabhama’s garden.

Krishna Taking The Parijat Tree

The tree was planted in the garden of Indra, the Lord of Heavens. Even as Krishna stole a branch of the tree he was spotted by Indra. However, Indra desisted from placing a curse on Krishna since he was an incarnation of Vishnu. Still, Indra put forth a curse on the stolen branch that it will never bear fruit even though the flowers may bloom on the tree. Since the day the tree was planted at Barabanki (the wives' garden), it flowers but does not reproduce, because it has no seeds and the branch cannot take root.
© More in the WIKIPEDIA !


One special Parijaat Tree
Village Kintur, about 38 km east of district headquarters Barabanki was named after Kunti, mother of the Pandavas. There are a number ancient temples and their remains around this place. Nearby a temple established by Kunti, is a special tree called Parijaat. There are a number of sayings about this tree, which have popular acceptance. One being the Parijaat Tree.
This tree blossoms very occasionally, with very few flower, but when it does, that is after the 'Ganga Dashehra', spreads its fragrance far and wide. The age of this tree is said to be 1000 to 5000 years. The perimeter of the trunk of this tree is around 50 feet and height of around 45 feet.
© More in the WIKIPEDIA !

Worldwide use

Things found on the way


gentle drizzle
moistening my cheek
parijat blossom

Kala Ramesh

This poem is dedicated to Kala Ramesh's father, Dr. N. Krishnaswamy (86 years), a practicing doctor and allergy specialist at Chennai, and to her mother, Mrs. Kalyani Krishnaswamy (75 years), an inspiring Tamil poet, and to their love of parijat blossoms and respect for Mother Nature.
source : www.ahapoetry.com / TRIPARSHVA RENGA, 2007


drifting scent of parijata ...
I gently let go
of her cold hand

- Shared by Sandip Sital Chauhan -
Joys of Japan, August 2012


hope returns
with the fragrant autumn breeze--
shefali flowers

scent of shefali
in the autumn breeze--
a forgotten promise

scent of shefali--
the vermillion smeared goddess
in the temple

- Shared by Arvinder Kaur -
Joys of Japan, 2012


Parijat with white petals and deep orange stem is believed to be a flower of the heavenly garden (Nandan Kanan). Lord Vishnu is fone of this flower. It has a mild enchanting aroma.

good monsoon --
parijat forms a carpet
on the ground

Kumarendra Mallick

Related words

***** . Jasmine, Jasmin (matsurika) .
Jasminum officinale


1 comment:

Anonymous said...

Thanks Gabi !